Pelagius (A.D. 354-415)

This Irish monk rejected Augustine’s teaching on original sin, believing that sin exists through individual habituation rather than ontological or legal inheritance. Hence, he emphasized the necessity of moral perfection and obeying God on the basis of free will. Later, Martin Luther, agreeing wholeheartedly with Augustine on the matter, interpreted any opposition to justification by faith as an appeal to Pelagius’ synergism. Moreover, the Reformed tradition reject Pelagianism on account of man’s total depravity.

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