John Wyclif (1330-1384)

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English theologian and Oxford professor, often referred to as the morning star of the Reformation. Wyclif’s belief in the absolute authority of Scripture led him to oversee the translation of the Bible into the English vernacular of the time. His own study of Scripture led him to oppose transubstantiation, monasticism, the mediatory power of the priest and other Catholic doctrines, resulting in his dismissal from Oxford. However, his influence had already spread from Oxford to continental Europe, most notably to the Bohemian theologian Jan Hus. Wyclif’s English followers, called Lollards, gained strength and were even represented in Parliament for a time before undergoing extreme persecution in the fifteenth century (from Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition).

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