An English preacher who influenced the Great Awakening in colonial America. After his conversion at Oxford, Whitefield became friends with John and Charles Wesley, though he would eventually disagree with them theologically. In 1738, Whitefield was ordained and quickly gained notoriety for his animated preaching, sometimes gathering crowds as large as twenty thousand. His trip to America in 1740 advanced the Great Awakening. Although not a trained theologian, Whitefield was committed to a basic form of Calvinism while sharing with the Arminian Wesleys an emphasis on Spirit-enabled regeneration and justification by faith through Christ. He died on a preaching tour in New England in 1770.