J. Gresham Machen (1881-1937)

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A Presbyterian theologian who was a leading figure in the fundamentalist-modernist controversy in the early twentieth century. Machen was one of the stanchest supporters of Princeton theology at a time when American theology was becoming more modern and liberal. A professor of New Testament at Princeton, Machen left the seminary to found Westminster Theological Seminary in the hopes of preserving conservative, fundamentalist Presbyterianism, expressed most notably in Christianity and Liberalism (1923). After being suspended from ministry because of his support for the Independent Board for Presbyterian Missions, he helped form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church in 1936.

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